Identity & Access Management

We already mentioned a few times that traditional security models were based on the concept of a trusted perimeter around the network. But state of the art security models are built on a completely different concept flipping the traditional network design approach by starting from the inside out instead of the outside in. This means that instead of classifying users as “trusted” and “untrusted,” the focus is on protecting the data or assets that require safeguarding, and the network is built around them.

In a Zero Trust Architecture, every user, device, and application are assumed to be untrusted, and access is granted on a need-to-know basis, based on continuous authentication and authorization.

This is why Identity & Access Management has become a top priority for many organizations. As already discussed under Cloud Security, Identity and Access Management (IAM) provides companies with tools for controlling user access to systems, applications, and data. IAM is designed to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to critical resources while minimizing the risk of unauthorized access, theft, or misuse of sensitive data.

Least Privileged Access (LPA) is a key component of IAM. It sets the minimum amount of access that a person or machine will need to do the job. Solutions leveraging LPA will typically employ automation to tighten or loosen permissions based on the user’s role.

IAM works by providing a centralized mechanism for managing user identities, roles, and access policies across an organization’s systems and applications. This can include authentication mechanisms such as username and password, Two-Factor Authentication (2FA), and Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) to ensure that only authorized users can access the system.

IAM also includes access control policies that specify who can access specific resources and under what conditions. Access Control Policies can be based on user roles, group membership, time of day, location, and other factors. These policies are enforced by access control mechanisms, such as Access Control Lists (ACLs) and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC).

Challenges with IAM:

One of the key challenges in implementing IAM is managing the large number of users, groups, and access policies that need to be created and maintained. This can be a complex and time-consuming process, especially in large organizations. Additionally, IAM systems must be designed to be highly available and scalable, as they often need to handle millions of user requests per day.

Another challenge with IAM is ensuring that users are authenticated securely, with minimal risk of their credentials being stolen or compromised. This is where MFA comes in. MFA adds an additional layer of security to the authentication process, requiring users to provide additional proof of their identity, such as a code sent to their mobile device or a fingerprint scan.

There are several solutions on the market providing a range of features and functionality to help your organization manage your IAM needs, including user provisioning, access control policies, MFA, and auditing and reporting capabilities.

Our services include:

      • Conducting a review of your environment
      • Providing a roadmap for implementing and optimizing the main pillars of IAM – Identity Governance and Administration, Access Management, and Privileged Account Management
      • Identify your unique use cases, roles, and policies to help you select and implement the best solutions that meet your business requirements